Patrimoniul arhitectural industrial romanesc – trecut şi prezent / Romanian industrial architectural heritage – past and present [in Romanian]

Florentina-Cristina Merciu, George-Laurenţiu Merciu, Daniela Stoian

Rezumat/Abstract. The development of industrial activities on the Romanian territory is experiencing a considerable seniority, generating as a result an industrial heritage that stands out through its versatility (history, technology, architecture and esthetic). In this paper are presented at Romanian level proto-industrial forms as well as the modern one. The industrial heritage elements are easy to be recognized at territorial level by its unique architectural style highlighting also the esthetics of some of those (Assan’s Mill, Gas Plant-Bucharest, colony houses in Reşiţa, Petroşani, Roşia Montană, the furnace of Govăjdia, Bier Fabric of Timişoara, etc.). It is important to emphases that a number of industrial heritage sights with architectural valences are currently listed as historical monuments. At the same time there are plenty examples of industrial heritage sites with architectural value abandoned and went to pieces. This paper aims to reflect upon the diversity of representation forms of industrial architectural heritage in Romania (by selecting representive case studies). A second aim is to draw attention to the lack of interest regarding the preservation of some of them, fact that could have grave consequences by their disappearance and there for by a loss of national cultural heritage.

Cuvinte cheie/Key words: economic material culture, tipology, cultural patrimony, preservation, reconversion

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