Disaster-resilient settlement; a case study of a heritage fishing village in Penthakata, Odisha

Tapaswini Mohanty, Jyotsna Datta Chaudhuri

Rezumat/Abstract. Disaster resilience plays a critical role in assisting communities to recover from disasters and overcome challenges in the aftermath of such events. The resilience of coastlines is essential to withstand shocks caused by cyclones independently of the community, to adapt and rebuild more effectively following cyclones. This is currently the biggest challenge on the eastern coasts of India where Penthakata, the case study area, is located. Tropical cyclones can never be prevented; hence the need is to create and adopt cyclone-resilient techniques the in the community to build back and restore. Penthakata is the largest fishing village near the high tide line of the coastal plain of Puri district in Odisha where heritage fishing technique is practised. Despite a sizable business opportunity, it cannot prosper because of the tropical cyclones. The settlement needs to be reorganized, responding appropriately to its socio-economic and cultural requirements. The primary objective of this paper is to assess disaster resilience strategies applicable in such situations, as well as suggest suitable design interventions to redevelop the village with cyclone-resilient planning and built structures. A mixed methodology for data analysis was used in the primary survey and secondary literature review, along with consideration of future prospects.

Cuvinte cheie/Key words: self-sustainable, vernacular materials, intangible heritage, eastern coasts

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